Richard S.J. Tol is a Professor at the Department of Economics, University of Sussex and the Professor of the Economics of Climate Change, Institute for Environmental Studies and Department of Spatial Economics, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. He is a member of the Academia Europaea.
Richard received an M.Sc. in econometrics (1992) and a Ph.D. in economics (1997) from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He is ranked among the top 150 economists in the world, and has over 200 publications in learned journals (with 100+ co-authors), one book, three edited volumes, and many minor publications. He specialises in the economics of energy, environment, and climate.
Estrada, Francisco, Tol, Richard S J and Gay-García, Carlos (2015) The persistence of shocks in GDP and the estimation of the potential economic costs of climate change. Environmental Modelling and Software, 69. pp. 155-165. ISSN 1364-8152
Koopman, Jason F L, Kuik, Onno, Tol, Richard S J and Brouwer, Roy (2015) The potential of water markets to allocate water between industry, agriculture, and public water utilities as an adaptation mechanism to climate change. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. ISSN 1381-2386 (Accepted)
Buhaug, H, Nordkvelle, J, Bernauer, T, Böhmelt, T, Brzoska, M, Busby, J W, Ciccone, A, Fjelde, H, Gartzke, E, Gleditsch, N P, Goldstone, J A, Hegre, H, Holtermann, H, Koubi, V, Link, J S A, Link, P M, Lujala, P, O’Loughlin, J, Raleigh, C,Scheffran, J, Schilling, J, Smith, T G, Theisen, O M, Tol, R S J, Urdal, H and von Uexkull, N (2014) One effect to rule them all? A comment on climate and conflict. Climatic Change, 127 (3-4). pp. 391-397. ISSN 0165-0009
Tol, Richard S J (2014) Ambiguity reduction by objective model selection, with an application to the costs of the EU 2030 climate targets. Energies, 7 (11). pp. 6886-6896. ISSN 1996-1073
Anthoff, David and Tol, Richard (2014) Climate policy under fat-tailed risk: an application of FUND. Annals of Operations Research, 220 (1). pp. 223-237. ISSN 0254-5330
Tol, Richard S J (2014) Bootstraps for meta-analysis with an application to the total economic impact of climate change.Computational Economics, 46 (2). pp. 287-303. ISSN 0927-7099
Arrow, Kenneth J, Cropper, Maureen L, Gollier, Christian, Groom, Ben, Heal, Geoffrey M, Newell, Richard G, Nordhaus, William D, Pindyck, Robert S, Pizer, William A, Portney, Paul R, Sterner, Thomas, Tol, Richard and Weitzman, Martin L(2014) Should governments use a declining discount rate in project analysis? Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 8 (2). pp. 145-163. ISSN 1750-6816
Hinkel, Jochen, Lincke, Daniel, Vafeidis, Athanasios T, Perrette, Mahé, Nicholls, Robert James, Tol, Richard S J, Marzeion, Ben, Fettweis, Xavier, Ionescu, Cezar and Levermann, Anders (2014) Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (9). pp. 3292-3297. ISSN 1091-6490
Calzadilla, Alvaro, Zhu, Tingju, Rehdanz, Katrin, Tol, Richard S J and Ringler, Claudia (2014) Climate change and agriculture: impacts and adaptation options in South Africa. Water Resources and Economics, 5. pp. 24-48. ISSN 2212-4284
McDermott, Thomas K J, Barry, Frank and Tol, Richard S J (2014) Disasters and development: natural disasters, credit constraints, and economic growth. Oxford Economic Papers, 66 (3). pp. 750-773. ISSN 0030-7653
Van de Vliert, Evert and Tol, Richard S J (2014) Harsh climate promotes harsh governance (except in cold-dry-wealthy environments). Climate Research (CR), 61 (1). pp. 19-28. ISSN 0936-577X
Tol, Richard S J (2014) Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the literature: a re-analysis. Energy Policy, 73. pp. 701-705. ISSN 0301-4215